Asian Journal of Dental and Health Sciences <p>Asian Journal of Dental and Health Sciences is a <em>double-blind peer-reviewed</em> <em>International </em>Journal dedicated to the publication of research papers, reviews, mini-reviews, Short communications and case studies. This publication is aimed at a broad, interdisciplinary audience of academic and industrial researchers actively engaged in basic and applied laboratory practice, related to dental &amp; health &amp; medical sciences.</p> en-US (Editor in Chief) (Journal Manager) Fri, 15 Mar 2024 15:39:24 -0400 OJS 60 The Vital Role of Blood Transfusions during Pregnancy: A Comprehensive Review <p>Pregnancy is a remarkable yet complex physiological state that can be accompanied by various complications, including obstetric hemorrhage and severe anemia, which significantly affect maternal and fetal health. Blood transfusions serve as crucial interventions to manage these complications and mitigate potential risks. This comprehensive review synthesizes the pivotal role of blood transfusions during pregnancy, encompassing their indications, benefits, risks, and advancements in transfusion medicine. Exploring the multifaceted landscape of transfusions in addressing obstetric challenges, anemia, and other maternal conditions, this article underscores the paramount importance of timely and appropriate transfusion interventions to safeguard the health and well-being of both mother and child. Through an in-depth analysis of current knowledge and emerging trends, this review aims to provide a holistic understanding of the significance of blood transfusions in optimizing outcomes during pregnancy.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Blood Transfusions, Pregnancy, Maternal Health, Hemorrhage, Anemia, Obstetrics, Fetal Health, Transfusion Medicine</p> Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu, Getrude Uzoma Obeagu Copyright (c) 2024 Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu, Getrude Uzoma Obeagu Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Transfusion Therapy in HIV: Risk Mitigation and Benefits for Improved Patient Outcomes <p>Transfusion therapy is a pivotal aspect of healthcare, especially for individuals living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This comprehensive review aims to dissect the intricate landscape of transfusion therapy in HIV patients, emphasizing the delicate balance between risks and benefits to achieve enhanced patient outcomes. With advancements in blood safety measures and antiretroviral therapy (ART), navigating the complexities of transfusion therapy in HIV management becomes paramount for healthcare professionals. The review consolidates current knowledge and emerging trends, encompassing challenges, benefits, risks, and strategies to optimize transfusion therapy for improved patient care. The paper delineates key areas, including blood safety measures such as nucleic acid testing (NAT) and pathogen reduction technologies, emphasizing their role in ensuring safer blood products for transfusion in HIV patients. Furthermore, it explores the impact of HIV on hematological disorders, delving into transfusion-transmitted infections and strategies to mitigate these risks. Additionally, it scrutinizes the therapeutic benefits of transfusion therapy in managing hematologic complications in HIV, while addressing potential risks, including immune reactions and adverse effects. Optimizing transfusion therapy in HIV necessitates personalized approaches, considering the individual patient's HIV status, comorbidities, and specific transfusion needs. The role of ART in reducing transfusion requirements and associated risks is highlighted, alongside emerging trends like novel therapies and alternative transfusion practices.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Transfusion therapy, HIV, blood safety, antiretroviral therapy, risks, benefits, patient outcomes, transfusion-transmitted infections, personalized treatment, hematology, blood products</p> Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu, Getrude Uzoma Obeagu Copyright (c) 2024 Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu, Getrude Uzoma Obeagu Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Mental Health and Psychosocial Effects of natural disaster on HIV Patients <p>Natural disasters pose unique challenges to individuals living with HIV/AIDS, impacting their mental health and psychosocial well-being. This review explores the complex interplay between natural disasters and the mental health implications for HIV patients. Disruptions in healthcare infrastructure, medication access, and treatment continuity during disasters significantly affect disease management, leading to heightened stress, anxiety, and trauma among this vulnerable population. Social support networks, crucial for those with HIV, often suffer severe setbacks, exacerbating mental health issues. The aftermath of disasters may induce long-term psychological effects, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Understanding these multifaceted impacts is critical in developing tailored interventions and support systems to mitigate the mental health consequences experienced by individuals living with HIV in the wake of natural disasters. Further research and targeted interventions are essential to address the specific needs of this population and promote resilience in the face of such calamities.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: mental health, psychosocial effect, natural disaster, HIV, AIDS, emergency</p> Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu , Getrude Uzoma Obeagu Copyright (c) 2024 Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu , Getrude Uzoma Obeagu Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 The Challenges of Chronic Wound Care and Management <p>Chronic wounds are a significant healthcare challenge across the world. They affect approximately 2.21 per 1000 people making them a prevalent challenge that needs to be addressed. The prevalence of these wounds is also growing as the population ages. Various underlying factors such as medical conditions, poor nutrition, diabetes, vascular disease, arterial disease, prolonged pressure, neuropathy, chronic venous insufficiency, and being overweight or obese are contributing to the increasing prevalence of chronic wounds. Addressing chronic wounds is vital. They are a significant healthcare burden that affects the overall quality of life and contributes to the loss of function. Chronic wounds are also painful, which makes them a difficult experience for patients. With the increasing morbidity and mortality attributed to chronic wounds, it is important to ensure treatment interventions are effective to achieve positive outcomes. However, achieving positive outcomes is a challenge because of the existing challenges that impede proper wound care and management. Identifying the challenges that make it difficult to manage chronic wounds effectively is vital to ensure positive outcomes in management. The aim of this review is to identify the challenges that affect chronic wound care and management. </p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> chronic wounds, ulcers, wound care, wound management, treatment interventions</p> Pallav Dave Copyright (c) 2024 Pallav Dave Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 The Role of Pharmacists in Opioid Addiction Management <p>Opioid addiction claims thousands of lives every year in the United States. The prevalence of misuse, abuse, and overdose continues to rise despite the measures and initiatives taken by the federal government and other government agencies to manage the problem. These efforts have led to a re-evaluation of the role different healthcare providers can play to ensure the problem is adequately addressed. Being one of the most accessible healthcare providers to patients under opioid therapy, pharmacists are better positioned to deal with opioid addiction. They dispense millions of opioids every year making them better positioned to screen for patients who are likely to develop an addiction problem and refer them to treatment resources before the abuse escalates to opioid use disorder (OUD). The aim of this review is to explore the role of pharmacists in opioid addiction management including prevention, screening, education, naloxone prescribing, counselling, and referral to treatment resources. The review also provides pertinent information regarding the current state of the opioid crisis in the US, including recent data on prevalence and opioid-related deaths. Exploring the role of pharmacists is instrumental in coming up with effective measures that can help in opioid addiction management.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> opioids, opioid addiction management, pharmacists, opioid misuse, opioid abuse, opioid use disorder </p> Pallav Dave Copyright (c) 2024 Pallav Dave Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Denture Adhesives: An Overview <p>Denture adhesives are used for many years by denture wearers. Proper denture don’t need denture adhesives. Denture adhesives provide satisfaction and confident to denture wearing patients. It reduces the inadequate errors during clinical and technical procedure. Proper application and usage of denture help in proper retention and stability and improve the self-confidence of the patient. There are many advantages and disadvantages are present, Patient should use under the guideline and caution of the dentist.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Denture adhesives, denture wearing patients, satisfaction and confident</p> GRACE PATRICIA F, NEDUNJAZHIAN SANDEEP , FERISH J GODWIN, Dr NAGAPPAN Copyright (c) 2024 GRACE PATRICIA F, NEDUNJAZHIAN SANDEEP , FERISH J GODWIN, Dr NAGAPPAN Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Knowledge, Self-Perception, Attitude of Halitosis Among Students in Chengalpet: A Questionnaire Study <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To measure self-perception, knowledge, and awareness of halitosis among students studying in Karpaga Vinayaga educational groups</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>In this study, total of 240 participants who are students of Karpaga Vinayaga educational group were recruited. A questionnaire was created online using Google Forms, and the link was sent to the participants through different social media platforms such as WhatsApp and Emails. Their responses were recorded.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A widespread issue that affects people all over the world, halitosis or bad breath, has social and psychological as well as medical repercussions. There is ample evidence that halitosis is common everywhere in the world. Our study found that the self-perception of poor breath is significantly influenced by age. Most of the respondents in our study did not report to dentist for having bad breath. Instead, they tried to solve by using chewing gums, mouth wash and sweets. This gave us the conclusion that they lack knowledge about the cause and management plan.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Oral malodour is generally poorly understood in all of its facets. Therefore, it is important to promote increased public awareness and education. To lessen this issue, regular visits to dentists and other healthcare providers should be promoted. It should be stressed that dentists have a responsibility to educate and advise their patients about oral malodour, and dental students should receive enough training in handling this problem by organising dental camps, lectures should be provided to students so as to improve knowledge about halitosis<sup>14</sup></p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Halitosis, Awareness, Self-perception, Bad breath, Oral Malodor</p> Naveena Srinivasan, Nethra Devi, Nandhitha Ravichandran, Nithya Sree Thurkkaram, Pavithra Rajamurthi, Dr. Lakshmiganthan, Dr. Aniz Copyright (c) 2024 Naveena Srinivasan, Nethra Devi, Nandhitha Ravichandran, Nithya Sree Thurkkaram, Pavithra Rajamurthi, Dr. Lakshmiganthan, Dr. Aniz Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Knowledge and Awareness of Post Graduate and Undergraduate Dental Students About CBCT: A Questionnaire Study <ul> <li> <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To assess the precise knowledge and awareness of the Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) among post graduate and undergraduate dental students.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>The data in questionnaire were obtained through the completely filled 200 google forms which includes undergraduate and postgraduate dental students. The obtained data was analysed category wise.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A definite gap exists between undergraduate students and postgraduates in awareness, knowledge and handling capacity. Postgraduate has better knowledge on interpretation than undergraduates. The right CBCT education should be given to dental students, backed by real-world experience and the advice of oral and maxillofacial radiologists.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> To guarantee greater understanding among dentists, further efforts should be made to raise awareness of this imaging modality. These efforts could include adding CBCT to the BDS curriculum and holding lectures or Continuing Dental Education (CDE) sessions.</p> <strong>Keywords:</strong> CBCT, dental students, awareness, knowledge, CDE</li> </ul> Sarah Samsu Nisha K, Aravind Swamy R.M., Thalaimalai Saravanan Copyright (c) 2024 Sarah Samsu Nisha K, Aravind Swamy R.M., Thalaimalai Saravanan Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Psychology of pregnant females regarding perinatal oral health <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To evaluate the attitude, behaviour, experience and knowledge of pregnant females regarding perinatal oral health in rural population of Faridabad.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Data was collected through personal interview. Eleven questions related to knowledge, attitude, experience and behaviour were asked. Data was analysed using IBM SPSS version 21.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> About one- fourth of the study population experienced adverse effects on oral health during pregnancy and their knowledge was also found to be poor with respect to perinatal oral health maintenance. They also reported ill behaviours to manage morning sickness. Despite this, their attitude towards maintenance of perinatal oral health was found to be positive.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The dental status of the child is a direct reflection of maternal oral condition in pregnancy. Thus, there is a need for educational oral health interventions in pregnant women to improve their own and children oral health status.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Perinatal, Oral health, Pregnancy, Rural population<strong> </strong></p> Jiksha Mehlawat , Arpit Shrivastav Copyright (c) 2024 Jiksha Mehlawat , Arpit Shrivastav Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Assessment of Oral Health Awareness among the Individuals in Chengalpttu District: A Questionnaire Based Study <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of the patients visiting the OPD Department of periodontology and implantology KARPAGA VINAYAGA INSTITUTE OF DENTAL SCIENCES</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>A cross sectional study was conducted on the patient visiting OPD of KARPAGA VINAYAGA INSTITUE OF DENTAL SCIENCES, CHENGALPATTU 300 participants participated in this pilot study. This study included a self-administered questionnaire, which took an average of about 10 minutes to complete all the question. Responses from the subjects were calculated in terms of frequency and percentages.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Out of 300 participants 57.7% of them visit dentist only when they have dental problem. 78% of the population is afraid to visit dentist due to fear of pain 87.3% of participants were of the opinion that tooth loss is a natural sequel of the aging process.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>There is a lack of awareness and a negligent attitude towards oral health among the general public. People must be motivated, and their attitudes towards the importance of oral health must be clarified through various programs. Comprehensive educational programs to promote excellent oral health and teach proper oral hygiene practices are desperately needed.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Oral attitudes, oral health behaviour, knowledge, and awareness</p> Risalin Cinthya , Rubasri Mohan, Priyadharshini Vijayakumar, Reshmapriya Dayanidhi, Hemalatha Ramakrishnan Copyright (c) 2024 Risalin Cinthya , Rubasri Mohan, Priyadharshini Vijayakumar, Reshmapriya Dayanidhi, Hemalatha Ramakrishnan Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Multidermatomal Herpes Zoster of the trigeminal nerve in an immunocompetent patient: a case report <p>Herpes Zoster is a neurocutaneous viral infection caused by the reactivation of the Varicella Zoster Virus in the dorsal root ganglion. It is characterized as vesicular rash along a unilateral dermatome, usually associated with pain or paresthesia of the involved area. Multidermatomal involvement is rare in immunocompetent patients. We report an unusual case of Herpes Zoster involving the maxillary(V2) and mandibular(V3) branches of the trigeminal nerve in a healthy immunocompetent lady.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> herpes zoster, neurocutaneous viral infection, trigeminal nerve</p> Chia Earn Sun, Sahrir Sanusi Copyright (c) 2024 Chia Earn Sun, Sahrir Sanusi Fri, 15 Mar 2024 00:00:00 -0400