Asian Journal of Dental and Health Sciences <p>Asian Journal of Dental and Health Sciences is a <em>double-blind peer-reviewed</em> <em>International </em>Journal dedicated to the publication of research papers, reviews, mini-reviews, Short communications and case studies. This publication is aimed at a broad, interdisciplinary audience of academic and industrial researchers actively engaged in basic and applied laboratory practice, related to dental &amp; health &amp; medical sciences.</p> Dr. Naresh Reddy en-US Asian Journal of Dental and Health Sciences 2834-9911 The Distal Pole-Alternative to Conventional Distal Shoe Space Maintainer: A Case Report <p><strong>Aim and Background:</strong> A major clinical challenge for pedodontist is space maintenance in primary dentition associated with the premature loss of primary teeth. When a primary second molar is lost prematurely, it is the distal shoe appliance (DSA) most widely used and proved to be the effective tool in guiding the permanent first molar into its proper place.</p> <p><strong>Case Description:</strong> The sole purpose of this case report is to describe briefly the clinical management of unilateral extensively carious primary mandibular second molar with a modified distal shoe space maintainer which we named it as “distal pole” which is highly inevitable to prevent space loss and following malocclusion development in later stages.</p> <p><strong>Clinical Significance:</strong> The prime importance in pediatric dentistry is preserving the primary teeth in the dental arch until their physiological exfoliation time however there are certain conditions which are challenging at times where extraction seems unavoidable.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>distal shoe, space maintenance, E space, Deciduous Dentitions</p> Geeth Deepika Kottai Gandhi Jonathan Vasantha Rajan PT Dinesh Nandakumar Gopalan Copyright (c) 2024 Geeth Deepika Kottai Gandhi , Jonathan Vasantha Rajan PT, Dinesh Nandakumar Gopalan 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 4 2 1 4 10.22270/ajdhs.v4i2.75 A cross-sectional survey on the Awareness of Waste Management Practices Among Dental Practitioners in Dental Clinic in Enugu Metropolis <p>This study was undertaken to examine the level of awareness of waste management practices among dental practitioners at dental clinic in Enugu metropolis. A total of forty-five (45) dental practitioners involved in the study were provided with a self-administered questionnaire comprising the source of dental waste management awareness, knowledge attitude, and practices on dental waste. The investigation showed that the main source of dental waste management was through training/conference 82.2%. Exactly 71.1% of the practitioners were aware of the guideline laid down by the government for BMW disposal while 6.7% were unaware. The majority of the practitioners 82.2 % were aware of different colored bags used to dispose of different types of waste while 11.1 % and 6.7 % of the respondent tick ‘No’ and ‘Don’t know’ respectively. Only 15.5% knew that pyrolysis is an environmentally friendly technology that converts organic waste to commercially useful by-products, while 11.1% knew that thermoplastics in dentistry cannot be reused and not biodegradable. Few practitioners are aware of the type of incinerator present in their dental clinic 31.1%. However, dental nursing had a higher level of awareness 75.0% over other cadres. Also, the gender variable was not significantly related to the level of awareness (<em>p</em> = .903). Nevertheless, the female’s counterpart had a higher level of awareness 33.3 % than the male’s counterpart 31.6%. The overall level of awareness of the safe management of dental waste accounted for 31.1% of the respondents. Our findings showed that there was a low level of awareness of dental waste management among the studied population. Nevertheless, it is important to provide a guide for policies and legislation. This is evident from the fact that it is the knowledge of what specifically constitutes waste and the categories of waste that determine how wastes are dealt with or managed. This knowledge is crucial for properly disposing of dental materials, recovering resources, and assessing technical and environmental implications. Moreover, waste management techniques ought to be a regular topic of discussion in training and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) courses.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Dental practitioners, waste, management, Practices</p> Justina Nnenna Ngwu Ezeh Chinonyelum Moneth Ezinwanne Blessing Chukwu Oluchukwu Stella Aduaka Ikemesit Udeme Peter Copyright (c) 2024 Justina Nnenna Ngwu , Ezeh Chinonyelum Moneth , Ezinwanne Blessing Chukwu , Oluchukwu Stella Aduaka, Ikemesit Udeme Peter 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 4 2 5 13 10.22270/ajdhs.v4i2.72 Portable Dental Chair Innovation in Improving Operator Comfort <p><strong>Objective</strong>: to produce a suitable portable dental chair innovation and its effective application in improving operator comfort.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: This study was an R&amp;D type with a pre-experimental design. Sampling was done using purposive sampling with a total of 30 Dental Therapists across all primary health centers in the Banjarbaru City. The independent variable was the Portable Dental Chair innovation, and the dependent variable was operator comfort.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The use of portable dental chair innovation provides convenience in dental health services regarding operator comfort, which is sometimes suboptimal, as well as limitations in features for complex dental care. Technical and logistical issues such as equipment damage and lack of resource availability can also be challenging. Therefore, innovation in the production of portable dental chairs is crucial. Technological advancements can improve ergonomics, efficiency, and equipment quality, addressing the increasing market demand for mobile and flexible dental care. Thus, this innovation not only provides solutions to existing problems but also expands access to quality dental care for more people, resulting in a positive impact on overall dental health sector.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Portable Dental Chair Innovation is suitable and effectively applied to improve operator comfort.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Dental Therapists, Portable Dental Chair, operator comfort</p> Rahmaisynta Putri Rindharso Bedjo Santoso Lanny Sunarjo Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas Copyright (c) 2024 Rahmaisynta Putri Rindharso, Bedjo Santoso, Lanny Sunarjo; Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 4 2 14 16 10.22270/ajdhs.v4i2.77 Sterilization of Toothbrushes using Ultraviolet-C Light against Streptococcus Mutans Bacteria <p><strong>Background: </strong>Streptococcus mutans bacteria are the dominant cariogenic bacteria that can be found in dental caries and are able to survive and reproduce at low pH. Toothbrush storage is related to environmental humidity and existing bacteria. Bacterial growth is 70% higher in wet and closed environments, bacteria from the oral cavity can be carried on the toothbrush.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> This research is to produce a model for storing toothbrushes with ultraviolet-C against the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Method:</strong> Research with Research and Development (R&amp;D) method with a quantitative approach with 5 stages, namely information gathering, model design, expert validation and revision, model trials, and model results. The design used is Randomize Pretest-Posttest with Control Group Design using 5, 10, and 15 minutes of ultraviolet-C treatment groups and a control group of toothbrushes stored standing without treatment using ultraviolet-C.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The results of model expert validation using the aiken-v test showed 0.810, meaning that all question items were declared valid. The ICC results show 0.000, meaning that the toothbrush storage model with ultraviolet-C is feasible as an effort to reduce the number of Streptococcus mutans bacterial colonies. Two-Way Anova results show 0.000, meaning that there is a significant time difference between the control group and the 5, 10, and 15 minute sterilization groups. Post-Hoc LSD results showed 0.000, meaning there was a significant difference in the 5, 10, 15 minute treatment group, and the control group. The Pearson Sig. (2-tailed) correlation result is 0.000, meaning that there is a significant relationship between the length of time and the number of Streptococcus mutans bacteria. The results of the bacterial repetition test showed that 15 minutes was the most effective time to kill Streptococcus mutans bacteria. The results showed that the average number of bacteria decreased by 74%, 86%, and 100% after using ultraviolet-C for 5, 10, and 15 minutes. Obtained showed that 15 minutes was the most effective for killing Streptococcus mutans bacteria.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The results showed that the average number of bacteria decreased by 74%, 86%, and 100% after using ultraviolet-C for 5, 10, and 15 minutes. Developing a model for storing toothpaste with ultraviolet- C for 15 minutes is effective in reducing Streptococcus mutans bacteria.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Streptococcus mutans, toothbrush, Ultraviolet-C</p> Afifah Noor Rahmah Diyah Fatmasari Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas Copyright (c) 2024 Afifah Noor Rahmah, Diyah Fatmasari, Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 4 2 17 20 10.22270/ajdhs.v4i2.78 Social Media and the Risk of Poor Mental Health Among Young Adults <p>Social media platforms have become an integral part of people’s lives in the last decade. As a prominent fixture in young people’s lives, social platforms have allowed them to share their experiences and connect with peers. However, using these platforms excessively can become problematic. Research has linked problematic use of social sites to more risk of having mental health issues. Some of the common mental health problems reported include depression, anxiety, loneliness, social media-related fatigue, unhappiness, and increased risk of alcohol use. Different reasons contribute to the increased risk of developing mental health problems because of excessive use of these platforms. They are sedentary behavior, poor sleep patterns, cyberbullying and victimization, multitasking, and internalizing online experiences. Others have a high risk of developing mental disorders because they neglect important aspects of their lives such as real-life social interactions. Addressing these factors can lower individual’s risk of developing mental health issues. Besides, some studies have shown that there is a link between using social platforms and positive mental health more so for individuals struggling with mental problems. Social sites can be used to provide social support for young individuals experiencing mental problems. Individuals can use these problems to share about their life struggles with mental issues. They can also use these platforms to obtain help and resources. Therefore, the aim of this review is to explore how social media increases the risk of mental problems among young adults.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Social media, depression, anxiety, loneliness, social support, problematic/excessive social media use</p> Pallav Dave Copyright (c) 2024 Pallav Dave 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 4 2 21 25 10.22270/ajdhs.v4i2.74 Factors Contributing to Sleep Disorders Among Young Adults <p>Sleep disorders are increasingly being reported among young adults. The recent Gallup Survey is an indication of the magnitude of the problem more so among young Americans. Sleep is important for good health and well-being. Different studies have shown the negative effects of sleep disorders on overall health and well-being. Sleep deprivation and disorders increase the risk of depression and anxiety. It also increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and heart attack. Sleep disorders occur because of a number of factors including psychosocial stressors, chronic pain, caffeine intake, smoking, lack of physical activity, poor sleep environment, use of screens before bedtime, and alcohol consumption. These factors are prevalent among the youth which explains the increased risk of sleep disorders in this population. Addressing sleep disorders is vital because they are associated with poor functioning. Individuals who report sleep disorders tend to have lower work productivity, increased risk of accidents, and poor health. Lifestyle modifications can help to address the growing problem of sleep disorders among young adults.</p> <p><strong>keywords:</strong> Sleep disorders, insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, sleep deprivation, daytime sleepiness</p> Pallav Dave Copyright (c) 2024 Pallav Dave 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 4 2 26 31 10.22270/ajdhs.v4i2.76